Florey, Howard Walter

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 24 September 1898 Adelaide, Australia
d. 21 February 1968 Oxford, England
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Australian pathologist who contributed to the research and technology resulting in the practical clinical availability of penicillin.
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After graduating MB and BS from Adelaide University in 1921, he went to Oxford University, England, as a Rhodes Scholar in 1922. Following a period at Cambridge and as a Rockefeller Fellow in the USA, he returned to Cambridge as Lecturer in Pathology. He was appointed to the Chair of Pathology at Sheffield at the age of 33, and to the Sir William Dunne Chair of Pathology at Oxford in 1935.
Although historically his name is inseparable from that of penicillin, his experimental interests and achievements covered practically the whole range of general pathology. He was a determined advocate of the benefits to research of maintaining close contact between different disciplines. He was an early believer in the need to study functional changes in cells as much as the morphological changes that these brought about.
With E. Chain, Florey perceived the potential of Fleming's 1929 note on the bacteria-inhibiting qualities of Penicillium mould. His forthright and dynamic character played a vital part in developing what was perceived to be not just a scientific and medical discovery of unparalleled importance, but a matter of the greatest significance in a war of survival. Between them, Florey and Chain were able to establish the technique of antibiotic isolation and made their findings available to those implementing large-scale fermentation production processes in the USA.
Despite being domiciled in England, he played an active role in Australian medical and educational affairs and was installed as Chancellor of the Australian National University in 1966.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Life peer 1965. Order of Merit 1965. Knighted 1944. FRS 1941. President, Royal Society 1960–5. Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology (jointly with E.B.Chain and A.Fleming) 1945. Copley Medal 1957. Commander, Légion d'honneur 1946. British Medical Association Gold Medal 1964.
Bibliography
1940, "Penicillin as a chemotherapeutic agent", Lancet (with Chain). 1949, Antibiotics, Oxford (with Chain et al.).
1962, General Pathology, Oxford.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Florey, Howard Walter Florey, Baron — ▪ Australian pathologist born Sept. 24, 1898, Adelaide, Australia died Feb. 21, 1968, Oxford, Eng.  Australian pathologist who, with Ernst Boris Chain (Chain, Sir Ernst Boris), isolated and purified penicillin (discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander …   Universalium

  • Florey, Howard Walter, Baron — born Sept. 24, 1898, Adelaide, S.Aus., Austl. died Feb. 21, 1968, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. Australian pathologist. Educated in Britain and the U.S., Florey taught at the University of Oxford from 1935. Investigating tissue inflammation and… …   Universalium

  • Florey, Howard Walter, barón — (24 sep. 1898, Adelaida, Australia Meridional, Australia–21 feb. 1968, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra). Patólogo australiano. Educado en Gran Bretaña y EE.UU., fue docente en la Universidad de Oxford desde 1935. En sus investigaciones sobre la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Howard Walter Florey — Howard Walter Florey, en 1945. Sir Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston (24 septembre 1898 21 février 1968) est un pharmacologue, prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1945 avec Ernst Boris Chain et Sir Alexander Fleming… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Howard Walter Florey — Sir Howard Walter Florey (Adelaida, Australia, 24 de septiembre de 1898 Oxford, 21 de febrero de 1968). Farmacólogo australiano. Florey realizó sus estudios en la Universidad de Adelaida y se transladó a Oxford para especializarse. Investigó la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Howard Walter Florey — Sir Howard Walter Florey (Adelaida, Australia, 24 de septiembre de 1898 Oxford, 21 de febrero de 1968). Farmacólogo australiano. Florey realizó sus estudios en la Universidad de Adelaida y se transladó a Oxford para especializarse. Investigó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Florey,Sir Howard Walter — Flo·rey (flôrʹē, flōrʹē), Sir Howard Walter. Baron Florey of Adelaide. 1898 1968. Australian born British pathologist. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for isolating and purifying penicillin, discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming. * * * …   Universalium

  • Florey, sir Howard Walter — ► (1898 1968) Patólogo británico. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1945, compartido con A. Fleming y E. B. Chain, por sus trabajos sobre el empleo terapéutico de la penicilina …   Enciclopedia Universal

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